Aiming: The act of aligning the clubface to the target that the golfer intends for the ball to go to.
Address: When a golfer is in his or her stance over a golf ball.
Alignment: Your footline in relation to the target line. A golfer changes his or her alignment to hit draws and fades.
Ace (hole in one): Getting the ball into the hole with only one shot.
Albatross: A hole played three shots under par. Also known as a double eagle.
Balance: The proper distribution of a golfer's weight at address and throughout the swing.
Ball-marker: Any small object used to mark where a player's ball is on the green. Typically, golfers use a coin a a ball-marker.
Back nine: Holes 10 through 18 on a golf course.
Baseball grip: A golf grip also known as the "Ten-Finger Grip" in which the golfer has all ten fingers on the club.
Birdie: A hole played one stroke under par.
Bogey: A hole played one stroke over par.
Bunker Fairway: Usually located in a recessed depression, a bunker fairway is a hazard of either sand or bare earth.
Closed Stance: The posture of a golfer when his or her rear foot is pulling back away from the target line.
Caddie: A person paid to carry a golfer's clubs.
Cart: An electrical vehicle used to transport players from hole to hole; A hand-pulled cart to carry a bag of clubs.
Casual water: Water on the fairway that has not drained. A golfer gets a free drop if his or her ball is in casual water.
Chip: A short shot which travels through the air over a very short distance and rolls the rest of the way to the hole. Typically, this shot is played from extremely close to and around the green.
Clubface: The angled surface of the golf club head that is used to hit the ball. The center of the clubface is known as the "sweet spot."
Clubhouse: Where golfers relax before and after golfing. Clubhouses typically have restaurants.
Divot: A loose piece of turf.
Double Bogey: A hole played two strokes over par.
Eagle: A hole played in two strokes under par.
Explosion: A shot from a bunker that sends the ball, accompanying with sand, onto the green. Also known as a blast.
Fairway: The short grass on the hole between the tee and the green.
Fore: Shouted by a golfer as a warning when it appears possible that a ball may hit other players or spectators.
Front nine: Holes 1 through 9 on a golf course.
Green or putting green: The area of specially prepared grass around the hole, where putts are played.
Grounding the club: To place the clubface behind the ball on the ground when at address. Grounding the club is forbidden in bunkers or when playing from any marked hazard.
Ground Under Repair: An area of the golf course that is under repair.
Hazard: Physical parts of the course (water traps or sand bunkers and hills) where it is very hard to play the ball.
Interlocking grip: Grip style in which the pinkie finger of the right hand is hooked around the index finger of the left. It is usually used by right-handed players.
Lie: The ground that the ball is resting on.
Line: The expected path of the ball to get into the hole.
Links: A course on the ocean, typically devoid of trees and, therefore, windy. Courses beside the sea.
Medal play: A style of scoring in which the player with the fewest strokes wins. Also known as "stroke play." Stroke play is played in most professional tournaments.
Mulligan: A retaken shot after a bad shot, (usually off the tee). It is not allowed by the rules and not practiced in tournaments.
Open Stance: When a player sets up with their front foot to the inside of the target line.
Out-of-bounds: It is the area designated as being outside the boundaries of the course. When a shot lands out-of-bounds, the player must hit another shot from the original spot. A one-stroke penalty is assessed in this situation.
Par: The abbreviation for "professional average result." Par is the number of shots (Stroke) the experts think it should take a golfer to get the ball in the hole.
PGA: Any Professional Golfers' Association, such as the Professional Golfers' Association of America.
Pitch: A short shot (typically from within 50 yards), usually made using a less than full swing.
Pro: A professional golfer or person who plays or teaches golf for a financial reward.
Putt: A shot played usually with a putter on the green.
Putter: A golf club with a very low loft used to makes the ball roll.
Rough: Grass that borders the fairway, where the grass is not mown. Usually the rough grass is taller than the fairway.
Stroke: Hitting the ball toward the hole.
Short game: Putting, chipping, pitching, and bunker play; these shots usually take place on or near the green.
Teeing ground: Specially prepared area, usually a grassed area, from which the first stroke for each hole is made.
Tee: A small piece of equipment - made of wood or plastic - placed in the teeing ground. The golf ball is placed upon the tee prior to the first stroke on a hole.